planetary gear reduction

Many “gears” are used for automobiles, however they are also used for many various other machines. The most typical one is the “transmission” that conveys the energy of engine to tires. There are broadly two roles the transmission of an automobile plays : one is definitely to decelerate the high rotation acceleration emitted by the engine to transmit to tires; the other is to change the reduction ratio in accordance with the acceleration / deceleration or generating speed of an automobile.
The rotation speed of an automobile’s engine in the overall state of generating amounts to 1 1,000 – 4,000 rotations each and every minute (17 – 67 per second). Since it is unattainable to rotate tires with the same rotation speed to perform, it is necessary to lower the rotation speed utilizing the ratio of the amount of gear teeth. Such a role is named deceleration; the ratio of the rotation velocity of engine and that of wheels is named the reduction ratio.
Then, exactly why is it necessary to change the reduction ratio in accordance with the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed ? It is because substances require a large force to begin moving however they do not require such a large force to excersice once they have began to move. Automobile can be cited as an example. An engine, however, by its character can’t so finely alter its output. Consequently, one adjusts its result by changing the decrease ratio employing a transmission.
The transmission of motive power through gears quite definitely resembles the principle of leverage (a lever). The ratio of the number of teeth of gears meshing with each other can be considered as the ratio of the length of levers’ arms. That is, if the reduction ratio is huge and the rotation acceleration as output is low in comparison compared to that as input, the power output by transmitting (torque) will be large; if the rotation rate as output isn’t so low in comparison to that as insight, however, the power output by tranny (torque) will be small. Thus, to change the decrease ratio utilizing transmission is much akin to the theory of moving things.
Then, how does a tranny change the reduction ratio ? The answer lies in the system called a planetary gear mechanism.
A planetary gear system is a gear mechanism comprising 4 components, namely, sunlight gear A, several planet gears B, internal equipment C and carrier D that connects planet gears as observed in the graph below. It includes a very complex structure rendering its design or production most challenging; it can realize the high decrease ratio through gears, however, it really is a mechanism suited to a reduction system that requires both small size and powerful such as transmission for automobiles.
In a planetary gearbox, many teeth are engaged at once, which allows high speed reduction to be performed with fairly small gears and lower inertia reflected back again to the electric motor. Having multiple teeth talk about the load also allows planetary gears to transmit high degrees of torque. The mixture of compact size, large speed reduction and high planetary gear reduction torque tranny makes planetary gearboxes a favorite choice for space-constrained applications.
But planetary gearboxes perform involve some disadvantages. Their complexity in style and manufacturing tends to make them a far more expensive answer than other gearbox types. And precision production is really important for these gearboxes. If one planetary gear is put closer to sunlight gear than the others, imbalances in the planetary gears can occur, resulting in premature wear and failing. Also, the compact footprint of planetary gears makes warmth dissipation more difficult, therefore applications that run at very high speed or encounter continuous operation may require cooling.
When utilizing a “standard” (i.e. inline) planetary gearbox, the motor and the powered equipment must be inline with one another, although manufacturers provide right-angle designs that integrate other gear sets (often bevel gears with helical the teeth) to provide an offset between your input and output.
Input power (max)27 kW (36 hp)
Input speed (max)2800 rpm2
Output torque (intermittent)12,880 Nm(9,500 lb-ft)
Output torque (continuous)8,135 Nm (6,000 lb-ft)
1 Actual ratio is dependent on the drive configuration.
2 Max input speed related to ratio and max output speed
3 Max radial load placed at optimum load position
4 Weight varies with configuration and ratio selected
5 Requires tapered roller planet bearings (unavailable with all ratios)
Approximate dry weight100 -181 kg (220 – 400 lb)4
Radial load (max)14,287kg (31,500 lb)3
Drive typeSpeed reducer
Hydraulic motor input SAE C or D hydraulic
Precision Planetary Reducers
This standard range of Precision Planetary Reducers are perfect for use in applications that demand high performance, precise positioning and repeatability. These were specifically developed for make use of with state-of-the-art servo motor technology, providing limited integration of the electric motor to the unit. Design features include mounting any servo motors, regular low backlash, high torsional stiffness, 95 to 97% efficiency and peaceful running.
They are available in nine sizes with decrease ratios from 3:1 to 600:1 and result torque capacities up to 16,227 lb.ft. The output could be provided with a good shaft or ISO 9409-1 flange, for installation to rotary or indexing tables, pinion gears, pulleys or other drive components with no need for a coupling. For high precision applications, backlash levels right down to 1 arc-minute can be found. Right-angle and input shaft versions of the reducers are also offered.
Regular applications for these reducers include precision rotary axis drives, traveling gantries & columns, material handling axis drives and digital line shafting. Industries served include Material Handling, Automation, Aerospace, Machine Tool and Robotics.
Unit Design &
Construction
Gearing: Featuring case-hardened & ground gearing with minimal use, low backlash and low noise, making them the most accurate and efficient planetaries offered. Standard planetary design has three planet gears, with an increased torque edition using four planets also offered, please start to see the Reducers with Output Flange chart on the Unit Ratings tab beneath the “+” unit sizes.
Bearings: Optional output bearing configurations for program specific radial load, axial load and tilting second reinforcement. Oversized tapered roller bearings are standard for the ISO Flanged Reducers.
Housing: Single piece steel housing with integral ring gear provides better concentricity and remove speed fluctuations. The housing can be fitted with a ventilation module to improve input speeds and lower operational temps.
Result: Available in a good shaft with optional keyway or an ISO 9409-1 flanged interface. You can expect an array of standard pinions to mount directly to the output design of your choice.
Unit Selection
These reducers are usually selected based on the peak cycle forces, which often happen during accelerations and decelerations. These cycle forces rely on the driven load, the rate vs. period profile for the routine, and any other exterior forces acting on the axis.
For application & selection assistance, please call, fax or email us. Your application information will be reviewed by our engineers, who will recommend the best solution for the application.
Ever-Power Automation’s Gearbox product lines offer high precision in affordable prices! The Planetary Gearbox product offering contains both In-Line and Right-Angle configurations, built with the design goal of offering a cost-effective gearbox, without sacrificing quality. These Planetary Gearboxes are available in sizes from 40mm to 180mm, perfect for motors ranging from NEMA 17 to NEMA 42 and bigger. The Spur Gearbox collection offers an efficient, cost-effective option appropriate for Ever-Power Automation’s AC Induction Gear Motors. Ever-Power Automation’s Gearboxes are offered in up to 30 different gear ratios, with torque ratings up to 10,488 in-pounds (167,808 oz-in), and are compatible with most Servo,
SureGear Planetary Gearboxes for Small Ever-Power Motors
The SureGear PGCN series is a superb gearbox value for servo, stepper, and other motion control applications requiring a NEMA size input/output interface. It provides the best quality designed for the price point.
Features
Wide range of ratios (5, 10, 25, 50, and 100:1)
Low backlash of 30 arc-min or less
20,000 hour service life
Free of maintenance; requires no additional lubrication
NEMA sizes 17, 23, and 34
Includes hardware for mounting to SureStep stepper motors
Optional shaft bushings designed for mounting to other motors
1-year warranty
Applications
Material handling
Pick and place
Automation
Packaging
Other motion control applications requiring a Ever-Power input/output
Spur gears certainly are a type of cylindrical gear, with shafts that are parallel and coplanar, and teeth that are straight and oriented parallel to the shafts. They’re arguably the easiest and most common type of gear – simple to manufacture and suitable for a range of applications.
One’s the teeth of a spur gear ‘ve got an involute profile and mesh one tooth at the same time. The involute type implies that spur gears simply generate radial forces (no axial forces), nevertheless the approach to tooth meshing causes high pressure on the gear the teeth and high sound creation. Because of this, spur gears are usually utilized for lower swiftness applications, although they can be utilized at almost every speed.
An involute devices tooth includes a profile this is actually the involute of a circle, which means that since two gears mesh, they speak to at a person point where in fact the involutes meet. This aspect motions along the tooth areas as the gears rotate, and the kind of force ( referred to as the line of actions ) is definitely tangent to both foundation circles. Therefore, the gears stick to the essential regulation of gearing, which claims that the ratio of the gears’ angular velocities must stay continuous throughout the mesh.
Spur gears could possibly be produced from metals such as for example metallic or brass, or from plastics such as nylon or polycarbonate. Gears manufactured from plastic produce less audio, but at the difficulty of power and loading capacity. Unlike other tools types, spur gears don’t encounter high losses because of slippage, so they often times have high transmission performance. Multiple spur gears can be utilized in series ( referred to as a gear teach ) to realize large reduction ratios.
There are two primary types of spur gears: external and internal. Exterior gears have the teeth that are cut externally surface of the cylinder. Two external gears mesh with one another and rotate in reverse directions. Internal gears, on the other hand, have the teeth that are cut on the inside surface area of the cylinder. An external gear sits in the internal equipment, and the gears rotate in the same direction. Because the shafts are positioned closer together, internal equipment assemblies are more compact than external equipment assemblies. Internal gears are primarily used for planetary equipment drives.
Spur gears are generally viewed as best for applications that require speed decrease and torque multiplication, such as ball mills and crushing gear. Examples of high- velocity applications that use spur gears – despite their high noise amounts – include consumer devices such as washers and blenders. Even though noise limits the use of spur gears in passenger automobiles, they are often found in aircraft engines, trains, and even bicycles.