Three phase induction motors have a very simple construction composed of a stator protected with electromagnets, and a rotor composed of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They work on the theory of induction where a rotating electro-magnetic field it created by applying a three-phase current at the stators electromagnets. This in turn induces a current inside the rotor’s conductors, which in turns generates rotor’s magnetic field that tries to check out stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Great things about AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are simple and rugged in construction. They are more robust and can operate in any Induction Motor environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in cost due to simple rotor construction, lack of brushes, commutators, and slip rings
They are maintenance free motors unlike dc motors due to the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors could be operated in polluted and explosive conditions as they don’t have brushes which can cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Devices meaning that the rotor will not change at the precise same speed as the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator velocity is necessary in order to generate the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is named the slip. Slip should be kept in a optimal range to ensure that the motor to use efficiently. Roboteq AC Induction controllers can be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open up loop mode in which a control causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage change.
Controlled Slip: a Shut Loop speed where voltage and frequency are managed to keep slip inside a narrow range while running at a desired speed.
Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Quickness and Torque control that functions by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Discover this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration about how AC Induction Motors are constructed and work.