Ever-Power Worm Gear Reducer
High-efficiency, high-power double-enveloping worm reducer
Low friction coefficient upon the gearing for high efficiency.
Powered by long-enduring worm gears.
Minimal speed fluctuation with low noise and low vibration.
Lightweight and compact in accordance with its high load capacity.
The structural strength of our cast iron, Heavy-duty Correct angle (HdR) series worm gearbox is because of how we double up the bearings on the input shaft. HdR series reducers can be found in speed ratios which range from 5:1 to 60:1 with imperial center distances which range from 1.33 to 3.25 inches. Also, our gearboxes are supplied with a brass springtime loaded breather connect and come pre-filled with Mobil SHC634 synthetic gear oil.
Hypoid vs. Worm Gears: A FAR MORE AFFORDABLE Right-Angle Reducer
Worm reducers have already been the go-to option for right-angle power tranny for generations. Touted because of their low-cost and robust construction, worm reducers could be
found in nearly every industrial environment requiring this type of transmission. However, they are inefﬁcient at slower speeds and higher reductions, produce a lot of warmth, take up a whole lot of space, and require regular maintenance.
Fortunately, there can be an alternative to worm gear models: the hypoid gear. Typically found in auto applications, gearmotor businesses have started integrating hypoid gearing into right-position gearmotors to solve the issues that arise with worm reducers. Obtainable in smaller overall sizes and higher reduction potential, hypoid gearmotors have a broader range of feasible uses than their worm counterparts. This not merely allows heavier torque loads to be transferred at higher efﬁciencies, but it opens opportunities for applications where space is definitely a limiting factor. They can sometimes be costlier, but the financial savings in efﬁciency and Gearbox Worm Drive maintenance are well worth it.
The following analysis is targeted towards engineers specifying worm gearmotors in the number of 1/50 to 3 horsepower, and in applications where speed and torque are controlled.
How do Worm Gears and Hypoid Gears Differ?
In a worm gear set there are two components: the input worm, and the output worm gear. The worm is certainly a screw-like equipment, that rotates perpendicular to its corresponding worm equipment (Figure 1). For example, in a worm gearbox with a 5:1 ratio, the worm will finish ﬁve revolutions as the output worm equipment will only complete one. With an increased ratio, for example 60:1, the worm will comprehensive 60 revolutions per one result revolution. It really is this fundamental set up that causes the inefﬁciencies in worm reducers.
Worm Gear Set
To rotate the worm equipment, the worm only experiences sliding friction. There is no rolling component to the tooth contact (Body 2).
In high reduction applications, such as 60:1, there will be a sizable amount of sliding friction due to the high number of input revolutions required to spin the output equipment once. Low input swiftness applications suffer from the same friction problem, but for a different cause. Since there exists a large amount of tooth contact, the original energy to begin rotation is greater than that of a comparable hypoid reducer. When driven at low speeds, the worm needs more energy to keep its motion along the worm gear, and lots of that energy is lost to friction.
Hypoid vs. Worm Gears: A FAR MORE AFFORDABLE Right-Angle Reducer
However, hypoid gear sets contain the input hypoid gear, and the output hypoid bevel gear (Figure 3).
Hypoid Gear Set
The hypoid gear arranged is a hybrid of bevel and worm equipment technologies. They encounter friction losses because of the meshing of the gear teeth, with reduced sliding involved. These losses are minimized using the hypoid tooth pattern that allows torque to end up being transferred efficiently and evenly across the interfacing surfaces. This is what gives the hypoid reducer a mechanical advantage over worm reducers.
How Much Does Efficiency Actually Differ?
One of the biggest complications posed by worm gear sets is their insufficient efﬁciency, chieﬂy in high reductions and low speeds. Usual efﬁciencies can vary from 40% to 85% for ratios of 60:1 to 10:1 respectively. Conversely, hypoid gear sets are typically 95% to 99% efﬁcient (Figure 4).
Worm vs Hypoid Efficiency
In the case of worm gear sets, they don’t operate at peak efﬁciency until a specific “break-in” period has occurred. Worms are typically made of steel, with the worm gear being manufactured from bronze. Since bronze is a softer metal it is good at absorbing weighty shock loads but does not operate effectively until it has been work-hardened. The high temperature generated from the friction of regular working conditions really helps to harden the surface of the worm gear.
With hypoid gear pieces, there is no “break-in” period; they are usually made from steel which has recently been carbonitride heat treated. This allows the drive to operate at peak efﬁciency as soon as it is installed.
Why is Efficiency Important?
Efﬁciency is among the most important factors to consider whenever choosing a gearmotor. Since the majority of employ a long service lifestyle, choosing a high-efﬁciency reducer will minimize costs related to operation and maintenance for a long time to arrive. Additionally, a far more efﬁcient reducer allows for better reduction capability and usage of a motor that
consumes less electrical energy. Solitary stage worm reducers are usually limited by ratios of 5:1 to 60:1, while hypoid gears possess a decrease potential of 5:1 up to 120:1. Typically, hypoid gears themselves only go up to decrease ratios of 10:1, and the excess reduction is supplied by a different type of gearing, such as helical.
Hypoid drives can have a higher upfront cost than worm drives. This could be attributed to the additional processing techniques required to create hypoid gearing such as for example machining, heat therapy, and special grinding techniques. Additionally, hypoid gearboxes typically make use of grease with extreme pressure additives rather than oil that will incur higher costs. This price difference is made up for over the duration of the gearmotor due to increased efficiency and reduced maintenance.
An increased efﬁciency hypoid reducer will eventually waste less energy and maximize the energy becoming transferred from the motor to the driven shaft. Friction is wasted energy that requires the form of high temperature. Since worm gears produce more friction they operate much hotter. Oftentimes, utilizing a hypoid reducer eliminates the need for cooling ﬁns on the engine casing, additional reducing maintenance costs that would be required to keep carefully the ﬁns clean and dissipating warmth properly. A evaluation of motor surface area temperature between worm and hypoid gearmotors are available in Figure 5.
In testing both gearmotors had equally sized motors and carried the same load; the worm gearmotor created 133 in-lb of torque as the hypoid gearmotor created 204 in-lb of torque. This difference in torque is due to the inefﬁciencies of the worm reducer. The engine surface area temperature of both systems began at 68°F, area temperature. After 100 minutes of operating period, the temperature of both devices started to level off, concluding the test. The difference in temperature at this time was significant: the worm unit reached a surface temperature of 151.4°F, while the hypoid unit just reached 125.0°F. A notable difference around 26.4°F. Despite becoming driven by the same engine, the worm device not only produced much less torque, but also wasted more energy. Important thing, this can lead to a much heftier electric costs for worm users.
As previously mentioned and proven, worm reducers operate much hotter than equivalently rated hypoid reducers. This reduces the service life of the drives by placing extra thermal stress on the lubrication, bearings, seals, and gears. After long-term exposure to high heat, these elements can fail, and essential oil changes are imminent because of lubrication degradation.
Since hypoid reducers operate cooler, there is little to no maintenance necessary to keep them working at peak performance. Oil lubrication is not needed: the cooling potential of grease will do to ensure the reducer will run effectively. This eliminates the necessity for breather holes and any mounting constraints posed by oil lubricated systems. Additionally it is not necessary to replace lubricant since the grease is meant to last the life time use of the gearmotor, getting rid of downtime and increasing efficiency.
More Power in a Smaller sized Package
Smaller sized motors can be utilized in hypoid gearmotors due to the more efﬁcient transfer of energy through the gearbox. Occasionally, a 1 horsepower motor driving a worm reducer can produce the same output as a comparable 1/2 horsepower electric motor generating a hypoid reducer. In one study by Nissei Corporation, both a worm and hypoid reducer were compared for make use of on an equivalent software. This study ﬁxed the reduction ratio of both gearboxes to 60:1 and compared electric motor power and output torque as it related to power drawn. The analysis concluded that a 1/2 HP hypoid gearmotor can be used to provide similar functionality to a 1 HP worm gearmotor, at a fraction of the electrical price. A ﬁnal result displaying a comparison of torque and power intake was prepared (Figure 6).
Worm vs Hypoid Power Consumption
With this decrease in electric motor size, comes the advantage to use these drives in more applications where space is a constraint. Because of the method the axes of the gears intersect, worm gears consider up more space than hypoid gears (Body 7).
Worm vs Hypoid Axes
Coupled with the capability to use a smaller sized motor, the overall footprint of the hypoid gearmotor is a lot smaller than that of a comparable worm gearmotor. This also helps make working conditions safer since smaller gearmotors pose a lower threat of interference (Figure 8).
Worm vs Hypoid Footprint Compairson
Another beneﬁt of hypoid gearmotors is that they are symmetrical along their centerline (Figure 9). Worm gearmotors are asymmetrical and lead to machines that aren’t as aesthetically pleasing and limit the amount of possible mounting positions.
Worm vs Hypoid Shape Comparison
In motors of equivalent power, hypoid drives considerably outperform their worm counterparts. One essential requirement to consider is certainly that hypoid reducers can move loads from a lifeless stop with more relieve than worm reducers (Determine 10).
Worm vs Hypoid Allowable Inertia
Additionally, hypoid gearmotors can transfer substantially more torque than worm gearmotors over a 30:1 ratio because of their higher efﬁciency (Figure 11).
Worm vs Hypoid Output Torque
Both comparisons, of allowable inertia and torque produced, were performed using equally sized motors with both hypoid and worm reducers. The results in both research are clear: hypoid reducers transfer power more effectively.
The Hypoid Gear Advantage
As demonstrated throughout, the benefits of hypoid reducers speak for themselves. Their style allows them to perform more efﬁciently, cooler, and provide higher reduction ratios when compared to worm reducers. As verified using the studies shown throughout, hypoid gearmotors are designed for higher preliminary inertia loads and transfer more torque with a smaller motor when compared to a comparable worm gearmotor.
This can lead to upfront savings by allowing the user to buy a smaller motor, and long-term savings in electrical and maintenance costs.
This also allows hypoid gearmotors to be a much better option in space-constrained applications. As demonstrated, the overall footprint and symmetric design of hypoid gearmotors makes for a more aesthetically pleasing design while improving workplace safety; with smaller sized, less cumbersome gearmotors there exists a smaller potential for interference with employees or machinery. Clearly, hypoid gearmotors are the best choice for long-term cost savings and reliability compared to worm gearmotors.
Brother Gearmotors provides a family group of gearmotors that boost operational efﬁciencies and reduce maintenance needs and downtime. They offer premium efﬁciency devices for long-term energy savings. Besides being highly efﬁcient, its hypoid/helical gearmotors are compact in proportions and sealed for life. They are light, reliable, and offer high torque at low swiftness unlike their worm counterparts. They are permanently sealed with an electrostatic coating for a high-quality ﬁnish that assures regularly tough, water-restricted, chemically resistant models that withstand harsh circumstances. These gearmotors also have multiple regular speciﬁcations, options, and mounting positions to make sure compatibility.
Material: 7005 aluminum gear box, SAE 841 bronze worm gear, 303/304 stainless steel worm
Weight: 105.5 g per gear box
Size: 64 mm x 32 mm x 32 mm
Thickness: 2 mm
Gear Ratios: 4:1
Note: The helical spur equipment attaches to 4.7 mm D-shaft diameter. The worm gear attaches to 6 mm or 4.7 mm D-shaft diameters.
Worm Gear Quickness Reducers is rated 5.0 out of 5 by 1.
8 Ratios Available from 5:1 to 60:1
7 Gear Box Sizes from 1.33 to 3.25″
Universally Interchangeable Design for OEM Replacement
Double Bearings Applied to Both Shaft Ends
Anti-Rust Primer Applied Outside and inside Gearbox
Shaft Sleeve Protects All Shafts
S45C Carbon Metal Shafts
Flange Mount Versions for 56C and 145TC Motors
Ever-Power A/S offers a very wide variety of worm gearboxes. Because of the modular design the typical program comprises countless combinations when it comes to selection of gear housings, installation and connection choices, flanges, shaft designs, type of oil, surface remedies etc.
Sturdy and reliable
The look of the EP worm gearbox is easy and well proven. We just use high quality components such as homes in cast iron, aluminium and stainless, worms in the event hardened and polished steel and worm wheels in high-grade bronze of particular alloys ensuring the optimum wearability. The seals of the worm gearbox are provided with a dust lip which efficiently resists dust and drinking water. In addition, the gearboxes are greased forever with synthetic oil.
Large reduction 100:1 in one step
As default the worm gearboxes allow for reductions as high as 100:1 in one single step or 10.000:1 in a double reduction. An comparative gearing with the same gear ratios and the same transferred power is definitely bigger when compared to a worm gearing. In the mean time, the worm gearbox is usually in a far more simple design.
A double reduction may be composed of 2 standard gearboxes or as a particular gearbox.
Maximum output torque
5:1 – 90:1
5:1 – 75:1
7:1 – 60:1
7:1 – 100:1
7:1 – 60:1
7:1 – 100:1
Other product advantages of worm gearboxes in the EP-Series:
Compact design is one of the key terms of the typical gearboxes of the EP-Series. Further optimisation may be accomplished by using adapted gearboxes or unique gearboxes.
Our worm gearboxes and actuators are really quiet. This is due to the very soft operating of the worm equipment combined with the utilization of cast iron and high precision on element manufacturing and assembly. Regarding the our precision gearboxes, we consider extra treatment of any sound which can be interpreted as a murmur from the gear. So the general noise degree of our gearbox is certainly reduced to a complete minimum.
On the worm gearbox the input shaft and output shaft are perpendicular to each other. This frequently proves to be a decisive benefit making the incorporation of the gearbox substantially simpler and smaller sized.The worm gearbox is an angle gear. This is often an advantage for incorporation into constructions.
Solid bearings in solid housing
The output shaft of the EP worm gearbox is quite firmly embedded in the apparatus house and is perfect for immediate suspension for wheels, movable arms and other parts rather than needing to create a separate suspension.
For larger equipment ratios, Ever-Power worm gearboxes provides a self-locking effect, which in lots of situations can be utilized as brake or as extra protection. Also spindle gearboxes with a trapezoidal spindle are self-locking, making them perfect for a wide selection of solutions.
Gearbox Worm Drive
Ever-Power Worm Gear Reducer